Federal Reserve Hikes Interest Rates

Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell expressed his view today that the risk of a recession was not “particularly elevated” this year.

Federal Reserve Hikes Interest Rates
Shutterstock cover by Mark Van Scyoc

Key Takeaways

  • The FOMC of the Fed opted to raise the interest rate by 25 basis points today, or 0.25%.
  • It also revised its GDP projections down for the year, from 4% to 2.8%.
  • Chair Powell said the Fed generally expects inflation to remain high for a few more months but to come down later in the year.

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Earlier today, the Federal Open Market Committee, a key decision-making committee within the Federal Reserve System, concluded its March meeting. As anticipated, the Fed has made the decision to raise interest rates by 25 basis points, bringing them from near zero to between 0.25% and 0.5%.

Federal Reserve Raises Rates

The United States’ central bank raised interest rates today for the first time since 2018. 

The Federal Reserve, which is mandated by Congress to help maintain price stability and maximum employment, raised interest rates by 25 basis points today, as was largely expected.

Today’s decision was not unanimous. The vote was 8-1, with the president of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis favoring a 50 basis-point hike.  

The Fed’s governing body also updated its projection for this year’s federal funds rate from its December projection of 0.9% to 1.9%, an increase Chair Powell noted after the release. Interest rates of 1.9% at year’s end translates to between seven and eight 25-basis point increases total. 

The crypto market rallied slightly in the final lead up to the release of the FOMC meeting, dropping slightly as it became increasingly imminent. Total crypto market capitalization, as well as those of Bitcoin and Ethereum, remains up on the day overall but slightly down following the Fed’s decision to raise rates. 

The Federal Reserve also released its new projections for gross domestic product for 2022. In December, it predicted 4% economic growth, but today it revised this number down to 2.8%. While that is lower than previously projected, Powell opined how 2.8% would still be considered strong growth. 

Chair Powell noted today his view that the risk of a recession was not “particularly elevated” for this year. 

In a press conference following the announcement, Fed Chair Jerome Powell noted that the Committee would likely continue raising rates in future meetings as well as reduce the assets on its balance sheet in a coming meeting. He again emphasized that a strong economy, combined with low unemployment and increasing inflation, made federal funds rate increases appropriate. 

Last month, the Federal Reserve passed major rules on itself that would bar its members from trading stocks and cryptocurrencies. 

Disclosure: At the time of writing, the author of this piece owned BTC, ETH, and several other cryptocurrencies. 

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