Home Analysis Will The Next Recession Stop Blockchain Innovation?

Shutterstock

Will The Next Recession Stop Blockchain Innovation?

As an innovative sector, does blockchain have anything to fear from a possible recession?

-

Economists have long recognized the relationship between economic growth and investment in R&D. The correlation is as strong as it is intuitive: more investment in innovation leads to greater productivity, driving economic growth.

Economic history also teaches us another lesson: alongside advertising and capital expenditure, investment in R&D is one of the first areas where companies cut back on in a downturn. A study conducted in 2010 at Penn State’s Smeal College of Business found that American consumer goods and services companies underspent on R&D during the seven recessionary periods between 1969 and 2008.

With global recession fears dominating headlines, how will blockchain innovation fair in a recession?


The Link Between Innovation and Economic Development

SIMETRI Research

Investing in science and technology R&D leads to innovation, capital accumulation, and the development of human resource capabilities. Those, in turn, lead to economic development and growth. The relationship is not entirely linear, and it is thought that more developed countries and more densely populated geographical areas benefit disproportionately.

But it’s no accident that the world’s most powerful economies dominate R&D spending, with the U.S., China, Japan, Germany, South Korea, and France outgunning competitors in terms of absolute annual R&D spend.

 

innovation and R&D spend by country
Courtesy of Visual Capitalist, Absolute spend on R&D by country

 

 

The list of the top ten countries for R&D expenditure as a percentage of GDP is nearly identical to the list of the world’s wealthiest countries. Scandinavia, Japan, Korea, the U.S., and European powerhouses Germany and Switzerland feature prominently. Israel replaces China, if the spend is measured in proportion to the size of the economy.

 

Spend on R&D by country as a percentage of GDP
Courtesy of Visual Capitalist, Spend on R&D by country as a percentage of GDP


Innovation Spending Fell In The Last Recession

The 2008 financial crisis is the most notable modern-day recession. The Harvard Business Review found that prevention-focused CEOs slashed discretionary spending in 2007-08, cutting budgets in R&D, capital expenditure, and new business development.

The findings pointed to Sony as an example of a risk-averse corporation. The electronics giant announced cost-cutting measures of $2.6 billion in December of 2008, which eliminated 16,000 jobs and closed a number of factories.

Spending on innovation as a percentage of GDP did not fall significantly during the Great Recession, according to the OECD, stumbling by only a few dozen basis points. That suggests that not all companies respond to adversity by cutting costs. But as GDP fell globally, the spend on R&D shrank.

The organization reported that:

“Uncertainties over market conditions in the currently unstable global macroeconomic situation have inhibited investment in innovation. Large companies and banks are engaged in a process of deleveraging and hoarding that is detrimental to all types of investment, including innovation. Financing constraints have also increased but are not the main explanation to date for the weakening of innovation activities.”- OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012

Countries that were particularly hard-hit by the crisis, such as Iceland, witnessed steep falls in R&D spending as a percentage of GDP.

 

Iceland R&D spend
Courtesy of OECD, Iceland R&D spend before, during, and after the GFC


Implications for Blockchain Innovation

Crypto Briefing reported today that social media interest in Ethereum had fallen to levels not seen since December 2017. The lack of interest in the platform was partly explained by “uncertainty surrounding the timing of a move to a Proof of Stake mechanism… fears of a price crash… [and] a significant decline in market sentiment.”

Ethereum-focused software developer ConsenSys announced plans last December to lay off 13 percent of its staff. It also heavily reduced spending on so-called ‘Spokes’, with impacts reverberating around the Ethereum developer community. The prolonged crypto winter was particularly punishing for the 2017 class of ICOs, many of which “suffered major contraction[s]” in 2018. 

If 2018 can be considered a recessionary period for the crypto industry, it could be considered a foretaste of what could happen in a wider macroeconomic contraction. That would augur poorly for the near-term future of blockchain innovation.

As an innovative sector, the blockchain space faces declining investment appeal if the slowdown persists. Economic history teaches us that the wheel of innovation stops once the GDP engine turns off. 

Innovation may help drive economic growth, but it also relies on the investment that growth promotes. Blockchain technology is far from immune from the global slowdown which many pundits are predicting.

DISCLOSURE

Authors at Crypto Briefing are invested in cryptocurrencies. The author of this post may be invested in digital assets mentioned here.

8,427FollowersFollow
1,342SubscribersSubscribe

More News & Analysis

X
X